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Antinociceptive Effect Of Intrathecal Cannabinoid Receptor Agonist WIN 55,212-2

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Bone tumor pain is a poorly controlled pain comprising background and severe pain on moving or weight-bearing postures that decreases the quality of life for cancer patients; thus, more effective analgesics are clearly needed. This study evaluated the efficacy of a cannabinoid (CB) receptor agonist (WIN 55,212-2) on bone tumor pain in the spinal cords of rats, and clarified the roles of the CB1 and CB2 receptors in WIN 55,212-2-induced antinociception at the spinal level. Bone tumor pain was induced by injecting MRMT-1 tumor cells (1×10(5)) into the right tibias of female Sprague-Dawley rats under sevoflurane anesthesia. Bone tumor development was monitored radiologically. Under sevoflurane anesthesia, a polyethylene catheter was inserted into the intrathecal space for drug administration. To assess pain, the withdrawal threshold was measured by applying a von Frey filament to the tumor cell inoculation site. The effect of intrathecal WIN 55,212-2 was investigated. Next, the WIN 55,212-2-mediated antinociception was reversed using CB1 (AM 251) and CB2 (AM 630) receptor antagonists. The intratibial injection of MRMT-1 tumor cells produced radiologically confirmed bone tumors. The paw withdrawal threshold decreased significantly (mechanical allodynia) with tumor development; however, intrathecal WIN 55,212-2 dose-dependently increased the withdrawal threshold. The antinociceptive effect of WIN 55,212-2 was reversed by both CB1 and CB2 receptor antagonists. Intrathecal WIN 55,212-2 reduced bone tumor-related pain behavior mediated via spinal CB1 and CB2 receptors. Therefore, spinal CB receptor agonists may be novel analgesics in the treatment of bone tumor pain.

Source: Unbound MEDLINE | Antinociceptive effect of intrathecal cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN 55,212-2 in a rat bone tumor pain model. PubMed Journal article abstract
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