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CB2 Receptor Activation Attenuates Microcirculatory Dysfunction

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Previous studies from our laboratory indicated that selective cannabinoid CB(2) agonists were able to attenuate cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. The goal of current study is to further test whether this attenuation involves cerebral microcirculatory function during I/R injury. Middle cerebral artery occlusion with reperfusion (MCAO/R) was performed in male mice. A selective CB(2) agonist was administered at different dosages and different times. Cerebral infarction volume, neurological function and cerebral microcirculatory function (leukocyte/endothelial interactions, cell adhesion molecule expression and blood-brain barrier disruption) were examined in vivo and in vitro. CB(2) knockout mice were subjected to MCAO/R following same procedures. Administration of the CB(2) agonist at middle dosage exerted optimal effects in reducing cerebral infarction and improving neurological function compared with other dosage groups and control group. Treatment with the CB(2) agonist at the optimal dose was still effective when given 3 h after MCAO. Transient ischemia significantly increased leukocyte/endothelial interactions, adhesion molecules expression and blood-brain barrier disruption which were all attenuated by pre-treatment with a CB(2) agonist. CB(2) knockout mice showed larger cerebral infarction and worse neurological function compared to wide type. In conclusion, CB(2) activation contributed to protecting the brain through the attenuation of cerebral microcirculatory dysfunction during cerebral I/R injury.

Source: CB2 receptor activation attenuates microcircul... [Microvasc Res. 2009] - PubMed - NCBI
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