420 Magazine Background

Endocannabinoid-Like N-Arachidonoyl Serine Is A Novel Pro-Angiogenic Mediator

Truth Seeker

New Member
Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:
N-arachidonoyl serine (ARA-S) is a recently identified endocannabinoid-like lipid with weak affinity for the fully characterized cannabinoid receptors (CB(1) and CB(2)) and the transient receptor potential vanilloid receptor 1 (TRPV-1). ARA-S induces vasodilatation and shows vasoprotective potential via activation of key signalling pathways in endothelial cells. Based on these findings, the effect of ARA-S on endothelial functions was further studied.

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH:
Primary human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HMVEC) were used to investigate effects of ARA-S (0-10 microM) on certain endothelial functions, using cell proliferation, migration and wound repair models in vitro, and angiogenesis assays in vitro and ex vivo. Selective CB receptor antagonists and specific siRNAs were deployed to block individual CB receptors.

KEY RESULTS:
We found that ARA-S stimulated angiogenesis and endothelial wound healing through induction of vascular endothelial growth factor C and its cognate receptor expression in primary HMVEC. Moreover, knock-down of G protein-coupled receptor 55 (GPR55) partly inhibited ARA-S-induced signal transduction and endothelial functions.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:
Our results indicate that ARA-S is a pro-angiogenic factor in addition to a vessel dilator. The GPR55 receptor may serve as one target of ARA-S.

Source: Endocannabinoid-like N-arachidonoyl serine is... [Br J Pharmacol. 2010] - PubMed - NCBI
 
Top Bottom