How do I germinate seeds?

Thread starter #1
There are different methods that prove successful:

Seeds can be placed between folded, wet paper towels that are kept moist and warm in an area between 70-85 degrees, such as on the top of the refrigerator. After a period of 48 hours to 2 weeks, the vast majority of viable seeds will crack open with a white root tip emerging. At this point, the seed is gently placed in the growing medium approximately 1/2 inch deep with the root tip pointed downward.

Seeds can also be placed directly into the grow medium with the pointed end facing downwards to germinate without the transplanting step. The medium is kept uniformly moist until the young seedling emerges on the surface.

It is not necessary to provide light before the seedlings break the surface, but it is beneficial to have strong light present from that moment forward to prevent excessive stem elongation.

Fluorescent lighting is satisfactory with cool white or higher color temperature tubes being preferable. Metal halide lighting is beneficial, if heat and moisture are monitored.

*Seeds prefer high light conditions once they have become rooted. They will stretch under most floroescents.

How can I increase the germination rates of my seeds?
Contributed by: Lord Of The Strains
Submitted: March 30, 2004

Pre-soaking your seeds before planting them is a terrific way to ensure a greater germination percentage and faster germination rates. There are a few different methods of soaking seeds; the two most popular being the "Paper-Towel Method" and "Standard" (soaking in a cup or similar object), both of which yield similar results if done correctly (taproot emerges in approx. 24 hrs.)

NOTE: Regardless of which method you employ, seeds should be soaked in a dark, warm environment for the best results. Once the taproot (tiny, white root-tip) emerges from the seeds, they are ready to be planted into the growing-medium.

1. Paper-Towel Method:

MATERIALS: Paper-towels (at least 2 sheets), 2 plates/dishes (or similar object), warm water.

PROCEDURE:

It involves placing the seed(s) onto a damp paper-towel (which is placed on a plate/dish, or similar object), and covering them with another damp paper-towel.
For best results, use water that is a bit warmer than room-temperature (to compensate for any drop in temperature), and cover the plate/dish with another plate/dish (to prevent heat from escaping, as well as protect the seeds from light).

Also, using more than one sheet of paper-towel above and below the seed(s) will yield better results, as well as adding more warm water to the paper-toweling/bottom dish before covering the whole arrangement with the optional second plate/dish.

WARNING: It is imperative that the seed(s) are removed from the paper-toweling as soon as the taproot(s) has/have emerged; If the seed(s) is/are left to soak for too long, delicate micro-roots can be torn when the seed(s) is/are removed from the paper-toweling, which will temporarily retard germination/growth as well as stress the plant (which could possibly result in an unfavorable male/hermaphrodite).

2. Standard Soaking

MATERIALS: Cup/mug (one that retains heat well; i.e. ceramic coffee cup), plate/dish/lid (big enough to cover cup/mug/etc.), warm water.

PROCEDURE:
In this method, the grower places his/her seed(s) in a cup/mug of some sort, which is filled with warm water. I use a ceramic coffee cup - as it is a good conductor of heat - and I cover it with a ceramic plate (again, to prevent heat from escaping, as well as shield seeds from light).

For best results, use water that is a bit warmer than room temperature (again, to compensate for any drop in temperature). It is normal for the seed(s) to float on the surface; just let it/them soak for a while then give it/them a little tap to make it/they sink (the best, most viable seeds will sink to the bottom). Although it is virtually impossible to over-soak seeds using this method, seeds should only be soaked until the taproot has emerged.

CONCLUSION:
Both of these methods are equally effective if executed correctly. Most seeds should show their taproots within 24 hrs., and all seeds should show taproots within 48 hrs. (assuming you are using good, viable seeds).

TIP: (for soil-growers)
If you want to further increase your germination rates, simply plant your seed(s) shallow; approx. 1-2 cm. deep. The seedling(s) should break the soil-surface within 24 hrs., or 48 hrs. for the most (again, assuming you are using good viable seeds — otherwise, it may take another day or two). Once the seedling(s) has/have sprouted, add a little extra soil at the base of the stem(s) for additional support and root-protection.

Author: MisterIto
 
Alright so, i used the paper towel method and my seeds sprouted their tap roots. Then i put it in my FFOF soil and watered. Should i have my cups underneath my CFLS right now or just let it stay in the dark until it sprouts?
 
Yep, this helps regulate the lighting that you control,is there another type of lighting other than the CFL's that you will induce flowering under?
 
Yes, some seeds take longer to show the Tap roots in germinating.
I use a paper towel method folded over keeping the towel moist but not dripping wet.
They are planted when taps reach 1/2" - 3/4" no longer. In soil underneath flourescents, in 4" sq pots, until 2 weeks, then under 400wMH 600wHPS for vegging stages. 30-60 days. Then onto the flowering arena.
 
what i find the most effective way is placing in a coffee filter then putting a coffee filterr on top,
then put on a plate and place a cup over the seeds and coffee filters and keep moist until germination occurs
 
I place seeds directly into 4" square pots and in a humidity dome and place on my gas stove. The pilot lights keep the temp/humidity up. I have not had a single seed failure in the last 64 attempts. Thats 8 seperate humidity dome full :slide::slide::slide::slide::slide::slide::slide::slide:
 
The little shot glass lookin cup from childrens tylenol or nyquil or whatever that ya keep savin for who knows what, just drop yer seeds in the cup,add a little water,and set em on top of your medicine cabinet or shelf etc. and cover with solid color plastic cup for 24 hours and check for cracked seeds. Look at "How to grow cannabis part 1 thru 8" on U-Tube ( I don't know how to do that fancy computer stuff to make it link here ) The one by akitasmoke seems to be the most seamless one to follow start to finish. Very informative and really good fun to watch.;)
 
I have about 23 seeds from my last buy. About 11 of them are from Black Afghani Buds, and the other 12 from some Purple Urkle. Each of them seem healthy, and ready for germination. Im trying to decide which method would be best; Also, which type of soil should i use for the babies after they sprout.
 
I'd grem them first. Even healthy looking seeds might not take for one reason or another, but by germing them you can save a lot of time by knowing wich sprout or not.
 
Here is another method of germinating that I used once before. A small plastic snack baggie. I put the seeds in, added a minute amount of water and sealed it.
In a week I had several seeds with healthy tap roots.
Unfortunately, through my ignorance and inexperience, I neglected them afterwards thinking that they would do well outside by themselves. They did, but they just went male because of nitrogen deficiency.
This time, I soaked for 24 hours and then put in between paper towel....I have three good seedlings going ( enough for me) and using inside lighting as well as putting one outside.
I hope to be able to put up some pics in the future.
Care is the key, like children, they need guidance, good food, and love.