The G Protein-Coupled Cannabinoid-1 (CB1) Receptor Of Mammalian Brain

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Abstract
This research examines the in vitro interaction of phthalate diesters and monoesters with the G protein-coupled cannabinoid 1 (CB(1)) receptor, a presynaptic complex involved in the regulation of synaptic activity in mammalian brain. The diesters, n-butylbenzylphthalate (nBBP), di-n-hexylphthalate (DnHP), di-n-butylphthalate (DnBP), di-2-ethylhexylphthalate (DEHP), di-isooctylphthalate (DiOP) and di-n-octylphthalate (DnOP) inhibited the specific binding of the CB(1) receptor agonist [(3)H]CP-55940 to mouse whole brain membranes at micromolar concentrations (IC(50)s: nBBP 27.4 μM; DnHP 33.9 μM; DnBP 45.9 μM; DEHP 47.4 μM; DiOP 55.4 μM; DnOP 75.2 μM). DnHP, DnBP and nBBP achieved full (or close to full) blockade of [(3)H]CP-55940 binding, whereas DEHP, DiOP and DnOP produced partial (55-70%) inhibition. Binding experiments with phenylmethane-sulfonylfluoride (PMSF) indicated that the ester linkages of nBBP and DnBP remain intact during assay. The monoesters mono-2-ethylhexylphthalate (M2EHP) and mono-isohexylphthalate (MiHP) failed to reach IC(50) at 150 μM and mono-n-butylphthalate (MnBP) was inactive. Inhibitory potencies in the [(3)H]CP-55940 binding assay were positively correlated with inhibition of CB(1) receptor agonist-stimulated binding of [(35)S]GTPγS to the G protein, demonstrating that phthalates cause functional impairment of this complex. DnBP, nBBP and DEHP also inhibited binding of [(3)H]SR141716A, whereas inhibition with MiHP was comparatively weak and MnBP had no effect. Equilibrium binding experiments with [(3)H]SR141716A showed that phthalates reduce the B(max) of radioligand without changing its K(d). DnBP and nBBP also rapidly enhanced the dissociation of [(3)H]SR141716A. Our data are consistent with an allosteric mechanism for inhibition, with phthalates acting as relatively low affinity antagonists of CB(1) receptors and cannabinoid agonist-dependent activation of the G-protein. Further studies are warranted, since some phthalate esters may have potential to modify CB(1) receptor-dependent behavioral and physiological outcomes in the whole animal.

Source: The G protein-coupled cannabinoid-1 (CB1) rece... [Neurochem Int. 2011] - PubMed - NCBI