The Inhibitory Effects Of Cannabinoids, The Active Constituents Of Cannabis Sativa L

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Olivetol, cannabigerol (CBG), cannabidiol (CBD), cannabinol (CBN) and tetrahydrocannabinol (delta 1-THC) were assessed for their ability to inhibit agonist-induced platelet aggregation and [14C]5-HT release. With the exception of olivetol, (40% maximal effectiveness), none of the compounds inhibited tetradecanoylphorbolacetate (TPA)-induced aggregation of human or rabbit platelets. All of these cannabinoids partially inhibited primary aggregation and totally inhibited secondary aggregation of human platelets when adrenaline was used as the agonist. Inhibition was dose-dependent over the range 10(-3)-10(-5) M. Both rabbit and human platelet aggregation induced by adenosine diphosphate was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner and the order of potency was CBG greater than CBD greater than olivetol greater than THC greater than CBN, the IC50 of CBG being 2.7 x 10(-4) M. PAF-induced aggregation of rabbit platelets was also inhibited by these compounds in a dose-dependent manner over the concentration range 10(-3) to 10(-4) M, however [14C]5-HT release was only partially prevented by the cannabinoids in a manner which did not correlate with inhibition of aggregation.

Source: The inhibitory effects of cannabinoids, th... [J Pharm Pharmacol. 1989] - PubMed - NCBI