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Tinctures - How to Extract the Essence of Cannabis - Tutorial

Good read indeed.

so I got tired of saving my stems(only 20g) and tossed them into some vodka(40%)

Its been sitting for at least 2weeks and has taken on more of a brown than a greenish color.

Probably because of the initial product.

Ive never been too keen on Alch and I dont want to consume any unless the mixture is worthwhile.

So do you think this small amount of stems would be adequate for a decent tincture or I should wait and add more stems and/or flowers.
Hi, I don't know where you got stems and leaves from the above article. I thought it was just buds. Correct me if I'm wrong. I would love to use them up - less stuff in the garbage or have to compost, etc.

As for alcohol, try vodka extra proof. Used to use that when I made tinctures of ginseng.

Thanks
 

urmom

New Member
Great information. I will be making a tincture as soon as I can find some moonshine...I am excited to see how it works compared to other traditional consumption methods fro my pain and PTSD.
 
greets all!

wonderful to find this thread here! i have been practising alchemy for many years, but not in the past 5-7 years- due to real life circumstance making spagyric and mineral preparations impossible- especially mineral. i used to work the acetate path and was primarily interested in herbal/spagyric tinctures and oils. i was in the process of creating the primum ens of melissa and the other planetary tinctures when it occurred to me to make one of indica and sativa!! primum ens indica and sativa were tinctures i made almost a decade ago and found them to be fascinating tinctures to take and meditate upon, often producing unlooked for hallucinations during meditative exercises :3:
the method i used was to use potassium carbonate and evaporate this substance(white powder) in the springtime air, because outdoor humidity is greater during the evening here i would set out plates and container lids of pot carb for the night.. making sure to bring them indoors and seal them before the sun came up- which can dramatically degrade qualities of the evaporated pot carb... to this i would add freshly picked leaves of organic plants, esp the new growth, and pulverize them with a little of the pot carb liquid in a blender for 5 or so mins. once this was done i would gently pour over approx half the amount of pot carb/indica/sativa liquid, pure alcohol. at this time i had a friend who had quite a few home brew retorts and even some alchemical alembics which served the purpose perfectly. i left the alcohol on the tartar liquid for 3 nights(others i left for 2-3 years!) and would shake the liquor several times during that period... extracting the primum ens of indica/sativa was a relatively simple affair of merely using a syringe to extract all of the ens i could..

that was basically it! although there is one more stage to this process which is optional.. to further purify the ens..
fascinating stuff and im so glad that someone has put a thread up on the alchemical uses of cannabis :3:

regards
:Namaste::peace:
 
let me add that pot carb can be rather toxic to the human body if allowed to be extracted with the alcohol tincture! it draws the moisture out of the body and can severely dehydrate a person with nasty side effects! this is easily avoided by taking great care to extract the alcohol off with a syringe and being mindful of what one does! :3: this pot carb can also be re-used for further tinctures by straining off the herb and repeating the process
:Namaste:
 
another method of obtaining a pure alcohol is to find as high a % alcohol as you can... historically a wine or fortified wine would be used in alembics but clear alchohol works well too- vodka is great... simply add to this high % alcohol a good cup of pot carb, depending on how large the bottle is.. and draw of the alcohol from the top! the pot carb will absorb all of the water out of the alcohol and leave a purified liquor floating on top
regards
 
How to extract the essence of cannabis and keep it in a little glass bottle.

A tincture is a medicinal extract in an alcohol solution. The alcohol is used to extract and preserve the resins and other soluble material from the plant. Cannabis tinctures are an excellent way to utilize the plant's medicinal ingredients, and a perfect alternative for those who find smoking difficult.

Until the 1920's, Cannabis Indica tincture was available at your neighborhood pharmacy. Queen Victoria used medicinal cannabis extracts to deal with chronic pain. "Good for what ails ya," cannabis tinctures and extracts commonly served as analgesics, sedatives and narcotics.

Tinctures connect us to our pharmacological past — sepia-toned prescription memories and faded daguerreotypes of ancient potions, forgotten remedies, salves, lotions, ointments, syrups and miraculous elixirs.

Curious Alice pondered a small corked bottle labeled "Drink Me" in Lewis Carroll's 1864 classic Alice's Adventures Underground. "Well at least it doesn't say 'Poison,'" Alice wisely reflected. Yet Victorian magician Aleister Crowley's bottle of laudanum was indeed labeled "Poison," to impart a sense of danger and magic.

During the 18th century, absinthe drinkers mixed their wormwood extract with water, transforming it into the "Green Faerie" — a thujone-rich instant psychedelic drink.

The alchemy of alcohol

Alchemy comes from the Arabic word Al-Kimiya. It is a scientific discipline with spiritual and mystical components connected to ancient teachings of metallurgy, smelting, chemistry, pharmacology and biology. Alchemy is the stepchild of chemistry and physics.

Alchemy and tincture medicines share a common heritage. Potions and poisons are all derived from plants grown and carefully tended. The ritual comes full circle in the growing, preparing, and ingesting of the plant medicine — our bodies become the alchemical alembic.

Paraceselus, a 15th century Swiss alchemist, made medicinal tinctures and adopted the Arabic term al-kohl. He is also said to have invented laudanum, tincture of o***m.

Alchemical procedures involve both wet and dry forms such as soaking, distillation and evaporation. The extraction of entheogenic plants requires similar steps. Distillation remained undiscovered until the 12th century, when alchemists first created aqua vitae — aqueous alcohol concentrated by distillations.

In the ancient world, wines derived from fermentation reached a maximum of only 14%. Yet Graeco-Roman wines were customarily diluted by three or four parts, sometimes even by eight, and Homer mentions that cutting 20 parts of water to wine is sufficient for deep intoxication. It is obvious that an exceptionally potent concoction was being consumed. Indeed, the wines of Greek and Roman Bacchanalia were commonly infused with psychoactive plants to make a kind of vinous tincture.

The herbs were macerated in distilled spirits and then distilled again. Sometimes the distillate was then reinfused with a second batch of herbs.

Fruits were also used, along with minerals and precious stones like ground pearls, lapis lazuli, and gold leaf. Sometimes animals were used to make "man's brains" and "viper" wine.

Bee tincture, listed in an early 1900 edition of Practical Formularies, involved capturing and drowning live bees in spirits. Scorpion tincture requires soaking the arachnid for six months in pure grain alcohol, resulting in a nutty flavored restorative. Scorpions feature often in Chinese medicine, along with snakes and other exotica.


Alcohol availability

Cannabis tincture works best with 90% pure alcohol, such as Everclear.

Mexican tincture, however, uses only 35% pure, while Parke Davies Pharmaceuticals — distributors of the original medicinal pharmaceutical extract to pharmacies during the late 19th century — used 80%.

Pure grain alcohol can be difficult to obtain, depending on where you are located. If it's unavailable at your local liquor store, try a duty-free shop.

Most Canadian provinces sell only the highest potency navy rum at 75 proof (32% pure). Further distillation will increase the purity.

Confusion often exists around "proof" and "percent." Percent is approximately half to proof. The origins of the term "proof" hearkens back to the practice of testing alcohol content by wetting gunpowder with it then lighting the powder. If the alcohol was more than 50% water, the explosive would not ignite.

When the gunpowder did spark it was "proof" that the booze in question was at least half alcohol. In the US, 100 proof is defined as 50% alcohol by volume.

Exercise extreme caution when evaporating high-proof alcohol due to its flammable nature. Remember "proof and poof!"

How to make tincture

The philosophy behind tincture is to capture the spiritual and physical essence of the plant. This is done by using the power of ethyl alcohol to dissolve and preserve the herb in question, in our case cannabis.

Ethyl alcohol, known as ethanol, is used for countless applications. Produced biologically by the fermentation of either sugar or starch, ethanol may be used as a solvent for organic chemicals, or as a starting compound for manufacturing dyes, drugs, perfumes, and explosives.

Different plant species demand different strengths of solvent or alcohol. For example, o***m requires 70% pure grain for effective alkaloid leaching. Resinous plants such as cannabis, along with countless other alkaloid-rich botanicals, are ideally suited for extraction in high-proof spirits such as 90% pure grain alcohol (such as Everclear).

The cannabis used for soaking must be dry. When fresh bud is used, the end result is disappointing. Scissoring up the plant material effectively facilitates extracting all psychoactive constituents.

Cannabis should soak anywhere from one to 10 days. Some folks soak it for up to four weeks, following that up with a secondary five day soak in fresh ethanol just to ensure all cannabinoids have been leached.

However, some others insist that the buds remain in the solvent no longer than six hours. They claim that solvents instantly grab onto THC molecules, and anything after this time frame benefits only terpene, oils, and chlorophylls, contaminating the final product.

From my personal experience seven days is adequate, but you should experiment with different time frames to see what works for you and your buds.
The recommended minimum cannabis to alcohol ratio is one gram of bud per 35ml (one fluid ounce). Some prefer up to seven grams per 35ml but others might find this too strong. Individual needs vary. Cautious experimentation is the key.

Throughout the soaking period use only enough ethanol to cover the plant material and occasionally agitate. In a nod to the Goddess, herbs still in solution at this stage are referred to as the "Menstruum."

After you've soaked the bud for the desired time, shake and strain the plant material. After filtering the cannabis solution, it is ready to be stored. This is done best within a blue apothecary medicine bottle. This will protect the precious mixture from degradation by light, while also imbuing mystery to the potion.

For further protection, the tincture should be kept in a cool, dark place. Yet cannabis preserved in ethanol has a long shelf life. Tincture medicines do not come with an expiry date. The fragrance and bouquet of mature tincture is floral akin to perfume.

As the mother tincture matures, new cannabis solution is added, and the final evaporated concentrate extract becomes a composite of many superior cannabis flowers.

The test for making sure all THC has been transferred into ethanol is to smoke the discarded plant material. If it tastes terrible, has a straw color, and is inactive, the operation has been successful.

The spent bud should be collected in a porcelain bowl for drying before mulching. Over several deposits, however, you will notice a residue mark from essential extracted cannabinoids adhering to the sides of the collection bowl. Simply add a small amount of alcohol, swirl, and redissolve this valuable material back into the original mother tincture. Waste not want not!

How to use and consume

Cannabis tincture tastes positively Dionysian, with the sweet earthy flavor of cannabinoids and a lingering bitter aftertaste. The effects are noticeable within 15 minutes, and are felt completely within a half-hour.

An advantage of tincture and extract preparations is their ease of dispensing, consumption, and rapid absorption. Tinctures can become very potent when concentrated, so adjust according to individual dosage requirements.

Tincture comes on fast but soon flattens out, unlike the sustained build and longevity of cooked cannabis products. Throughout the tincture experience one is imbued with great tranquility, able to drift in and out of contemplative reverie.

Care must be exercised, as the delayed onset time may possibly encourage overdosing among those unfamiliar with cannabis tinctures. Orally administered cannabis products may be very uncomfortable when too much has been consumed. Possible panic and anxiety reactions or physical malaise may occur.

Heating the potion may also increase tincture strength. Tincture can be added to cooking recipes by concentrating the tincture into a syrup consistency, further enhancing efficacy. This becomes a commitment when considering the tincture experience's duration and extended nature.

The imbibing vessel or chalice should be reserved for "ceremonial" tincturing. An accompanying dropper for drawing extract, along with small flask for dispensing water into the libation glass is necessary. Tincture first goes into the glass, followed by the water. Glorious green cannabis quintessence explodes upon mixing with water into cloudy green opalescence.

Alcohol awareness

Ethanol represents the least toxic of all the alcohols. The toxicity of medicines, drugs, and poisons is calibrated by the LD50, meaning the lethal dose for 50 percent, signifying the amount of substance necessary to be fatal. Alcohol is considered in the highly dangerous category. Just five times the amount needed to get you happy can be lethal.

Unlike cannabis, ethanol shares no receptor sites to which it connects. Alcohol intoxication represents a true poisoning rather than a key to our cerebral natural paradises. Humans possess an enzyme called alcohol dehydrogenase which helps metabolize ethanol by oxidizing it to acetaldehyde. Other alcohols like methanol, propanol, phenol, and ethylene are extremely poisonous and can cause blindness and death.

The term "denatured alcohol" means poisonous methanol has been added to prevent drinking, rendering it unsuitable for tinctures ingested orally. When considering dealing with pure grain spirits, it is essential to dilute it with an equal part of water. I once subjected myself to an 0.70ml squirt of 95% ethanol — my upper palette remained sensitive for days.

When it comes to making tinctures, solvent alcohols are essential. These methods require high-proof spirits. Although in small amounts they are indispensable to the extraction process, some individuals may have difficulty with this dual relationship and possibly slippery slope.

For example, absinthe drinkers regularly consumed high alcohol-containing beverages along with their psychoactive thujone-rich wormwood extract. As well, many poets from the Romantic and Gothic periods entertained the additional drug ethanol along with their daily dosages of opiate-ladened laudanum. Thomas D'Quincey's Confessions of an English O***m Eater eloquently portrays the heaven and hell of this dual addiction.

So be careful that you use alcohol for its true purpose, as a carrier for the essence of magic plants, and not for its poisonous intoxication.

Personal experience

A standard tincture is at a ratio of one gram of cannabis to 35ml (1 ounce) of pure grain ethanol. At this strength, a dosage of 1.4ml of extract (2 squirts) mixed with water is barely noticeable, although it is a very effective appetite stimulant.

A tincture of seven grams of cannabis flowers suspended in 50ml (1.5 ounces) of ethanol is definitely psychoactive at a dosage of 0.7oml (one squirt). Upon doubling the dosage to 1.4ml, I achieved a Buddha-trance state, ideal for serious meditation. It was a heavy physical sensation to experience, and I was able to go in and out of meditative state. I felt a warm glow to my extremities.

At this strength, a "heroic dose" is five squirts for the five points of the pentacle and five wounds of Christ. I felt a heightened sense of novelty, an oceanic quiet and inner peace. I was very contemplative.

Often a small amount of cannabis smoked after tincturing greatly potentiates the experience, but the desire for further cannabis smoking is usually lessened.

by Stan Czolowski
I had soaked canabis plant dried leaves in 2-propanol for few hours, filtered through buckner funnel under pressure and tried to evaporate it using rotary evaporator under reduced temperature and pressure. I could not evaporate it completely and had to leave that overnight. Would this alcohol leave any toxicity to plant material ? Kindly help me. The plant material was filtered after, may be, 1-2 hours but evaporation was not complete. Kindly help me if I can use that material after complete evaporation of overnight left solvent-extract. m in very much need of this medicine as my sister is suffering from cervical, ovarian cancer, advance stage.
 
I had soaked canabis plant dried leaves in 2-propanol for few hours, filtered through buckner funnel under pressure and tried to evaporate it using rotary evaporator under reduced temperature and pressure. I could not evaporate it completely and had to leave that overnight. Would this alcohol leave any toxicity to plant material ? Kindly help me. The plant material was filtered after, may be, 1-2 hours but evaporation was not complete. Kindly help me if I can use that material after complete evaporation of overnight left solvent-extract. m in very much need of this medicine as my sister is suffering from cervical, ovarian cancer, advance stage.
thnks
 
OK, I'm sure this has been beaten to death, but I can't seem to find a satisfactory answer.
I have the oil collected from 3grams of top shelf buds using everclear as my solvent
I evaporated most of the everclear and added 1 ml of food grade glyserin.
This ALL is being done on on low heat (under 200 f.)
my question is...does the veg. base glycerin pick up the THC and leave the other oils and waxes behind?
What I have is a mixture that is separated. There is a thick viscous layer which is the pot oil and a clear runny layer which appears to be the glycerin. Aren't the two parts supposed to mix? I'm using just enough heat to make the pot oil run, but the two just won't mix
Any suggestions would be appretiated
 

humr

New Member
Hello
Im going to attempt to make a tincture using Everclear,I have been told to decarb for 20 min. at 220 degree, however I seem to be lost as
how long to soak/store to make a good batch any help would be apriciated.
Thanks Pat
 
My weed was getting really dry and someone told me to put some orange peel in the jar to moisten it up. I put 3-4 slices of peel in the jar and left it for about a week. Bad move on my part because the weed had grown some freaky white mold. In an attempt to rescue the moldy weed I put it in some alcohol in an attempt to make the tincture. When it was all said and done I had managed to come up with a black tar substance. It was sticky enough to be maliauble so I put it in a small container with the intent of finding a way to use it. Problem is it got so hard I couldn't separate it from the plastic container so I eventually threw it away. Wonder what I did wrong?
 
what an interesting read thank you very much.

i have a couple of questions for you if you could answer them.

Before doing the heating method of extraction in a mason jar and then in a ceramic dish with water in would i need to de-carb the plant first ?

And once i have the extraction completed and i have the cannabis infused with the vegetable glycerin how could i then consume the infusion?
i read i can just use the vegetable glycerin as oral drops which i wouldn't mind doing is this the case?
Or are there any other ways of then using the vegetable glycerin infusion for consumption at all? and how would i go around doing this ?
Thank you so much for your time and have a lovely day.
 
My weed was getting really dry and someone told me to put some orange peel in the jar to moisten it up. I put 3-4 slices of peel in the jar and left it for about a week. Bad move on my part because the weed had grown some freaky white mold. In an attempt to rescue the moldy weed I put it in some alcohol in an attempt to make the tincture. When it was all said and done I had managed to come up with a black tar substance. It was sticky enough to be maliauble so I put it in a small container with the intent of finding a way to use it. Problem is it got so hard I couldn't separate it from the plastic container so I eventually threw it away. Wonder what I did wrong?
To keep your bud from drying out further than your purchased state, keep it in a glass jar. Keep the jar in a cool dark place.

Don't ever put anything in to that jar except the cannabis. It will cause mold.

Mold is extremely dangerous. Throw out any bud that has it.

The black tar is RSO - you over processed your tincture.

Hope this helps.
 
what an interesting read thank you very much.

i have a couple of questions for you if you could answer them.

Before doing the heating method of extraction in a mason jar and then in a ceramic dish with water in would i need to de-carb the plant first ?

And once i have the extraction completed and i have the cannabis infused with the vegetable glycerin how could i then consume the infusion?
i read i can just use the vegetable glycerin as oral drops which i wouldn't mind doing is this the case?
Or are there any other ways of then using the vegetable glycerin infusion for consumption at all? and how would i go around doing this ?
Thank you so much for your time and have a lovely day.
To get the effects of THC you need to decarb first. You can consume it as if it were sugar (glycerine is very sweet).. put it in your coffee/tea or drop it on your tongue or put it in capsules, etc.

Other methods of consumption - short list/different methods of extraction: cookies and brownies, any meat dish, any vegetable dish, any desert, etc. My best advice - google it.
 
To get the effects of THC you need to decarb first. You can consume it as if it were sugar (glycerine is very sweet).. put it in your coffee/tea or drop it on your tongue or put it in capsules, etc.

Other methods of consumption - short list/different methods of extraction: cookies and brownies, any meat dish, any vegetable dish, any desert, etc. My best advice - google it.
Thank you for the advice for the de carb and i didn't no i could put the vegetable glycerin in a tea i will defiantly be trying this.
Do you no if it's recommended to do a 100% vegetable glycerin infusion tincture with the cannabis or could i use something like a 70%Vegetable glycerin mix with a 30% monopropylene glycol too and it still be as strong of a tincture ?
Thank you all.
 
Thank you for the advice for the de carb and i didn't no i could put the vegetable glycerin in a tea i will defiantly be trying this.
Do you no if it's recommended to do a 100% vegetable glycerin infusion tincture with the cannabis or could i use something like a 70%Vegetable glycerin mix with a 30% monopropylene glycol too and it still be as strong of a tincture ?
Thank you all.
I haven't made a vaporizer tincture but this sounds like the right ratio of glycerin/glycol mix. So give it a try. It's about the same mix that is used with nicotine vaporizer mixes.
 
I haven't made a vaporizer tincture but this sounds likejavascript:// the right ratio of glycerin/glycol mix. So give it a try. It's about the same mix that is used with nicotine vaporizer mixes.
ahh awsome okay then yeah i make just plain juices for vaping and i have both the liquids(pg,vg) so i was just wondering weather i could do the tincture with the mix of them and the cannabis and it still be used for things like tea i dont want to vape the mixture i only want it for eating or for tea/coffee its just because i have both liquids im wondering if i can use both because i have more of one then the other.
Thanks ill give the 70-30 ratio mix a shot.
 
ahh awsome okay then yeah i make just plain juices for vaping and i have both the liquids(pg,vg) so i was just wondering weather i could do the tincture with the mix of them and the cannabis and it still be used for things like tea i dont want to vape the mixture i only want it for eating or for tea/coffee its just because i have both liquids im wondering if i can use both because i have more of one then the other.
Thanks ill give the 70-30 ratio mix a shot.

I would not injest (eat) monopropylene glycol. I would injest (vaporize) it. So, my advice is to not mix them unless you're going to use it exclusively for vaporizing.