420 MAGAZINE ® – Medical Marijuana Publication & Social Networking https://www.420magazine.com Mon, 17 Jul 2017 20:27:42 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=4.8 Science Proves Marijuana Heals Pain, Nausea, Spasms And Insomnia https://www.420magazine.com/2017/07/science-proves-marijuana-heals-pain-nausea-spasms-insomnia/ https://www.420magazine.com/2017/07/science-proves-marijuana-heals-pain-nausea-spasms-insomnia/#respond Mon, 17 Jul 2017 20:27:42 +0000 https://www.420magazine.com/?p=6374 [Read More]]]> The marijuana reform movement won big in 2016, legalizing the plant in a number of states for medicinal and recreational purposes. However, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration has all but refused to allow the herb to be considered as a the legitimate, natural medication it is.

Even federal lawmakers, some of whom now represent legal marijuana states, have continued to twiddle their thumbs when it comes to pushing legislation to remove the outlaw status of the plant.

Meanwhile, 60 percent of the American population now believes cannabis should be made legal nationwide. But leading governmental controls still say they are worried the herb is not safe enough for a move of that magnitude. In fact, some argue that by making it legal, it could cause an uprising in addiction and turn the entire population into burnouts.

Yet, science says otherwise.

Earlier last week, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, which consists of some of the country’s top scientific minds, came forward with a detailed analysis entitled “The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids,” which points out that the cannabis plant does in fact have medicinal properties and it is not likely to cause any harm.

The almost 400-page document, which was assembled with information swiped from around 24,000 scientific abstracts, condemns Uncle Sam for never once taking the opportunity to downgrade the Schedule I classification of the herb. The report goes on to suggests that this misstep has prevented the scientific community from truly understanding both the benefits and risks associated with the consumption of marijuana.

“There is a clear need to establish what is known and what needs to be known about the health effects of cannabis use,” the report reads.

Although the report does not paint the cannabis plant to be all-healing substance that it is often touted, there does seem to be enough evidence floating around out there labeling marijuana an effective treatment for pain, nausea associated with chemotherapy, muscle spasms and insomnia. But researchers simply could not produce enough cases studies to prove marijuana has the ability to cure cancer or ease the symptoms of epilepsy.

But researchers did conclude that there does not appear to be any correlation between the consumption of cannabis and the increased risk for killer conditions such as heat disease and stroke. They also said there does not seem to be any evidence of the herb being a gateway drug to addiction, nor could they find a single case of it causing an overdose death. In other words: Pot is mostly safe, at least from what we know at this point.

Marijuana advocates believe the report should be enough to persuade governmental forces to consider making some serious changes to federal pot policy in 2017.

“These findings clearly undermine the federal government’s decision to classify marijuana under Schedule I, which is reserved for substances with no medical value,” Mason Tvert, a spokesman for the Marijuana Policy Project, said in a statement. “It confirms that marijuana has several medical benefits and is not nearly as problematic as people are often led to believe.”

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Full Article: Science Proves Marijuana Heals Pain, Nausea, Spasms And Insomnia
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Switzerland: Cannabis Cigarettes Are Being Sold Legally At This Supermarket Chain https://www.420magazine.com/2017/07/switzerland-cannabis-cigarettes-sold-legally-supermarket-chain/ https://www.420magazine.com/2017/07/switzerland-cannabis-cigarettes-sold-legally-supermarket-chain/#respond Mon, 17 Jul 2017 20:24:53 +0000 https://www.420magazine.com/?p=6371 [Read More]]]> Natalia Ferrera is in high spirits — literally. Standing in front of a Coop supermarket in the city’s Eaux-Vives section, she is smoking a cigarette and enjoying a buzz.

Ferrera’s cigarette has a distinctly musky scent because in addition to tobacco, it contains hemp and cannabidiol (CBD), one of the active ingredients in the cannabis plant that is the source of marijuana. And this may be the only place in the world where you can get it at a supermarket.

“It tastes like a real joint,” Ferrera, 20, said, adding that she wanted to try the cigarette “out of curiosity.”

She purchased a pack, marketed under the name Heimat, legally at Coop, one of Switzerland’s largest supermarket chains. It will launch the product in 700 stores nationwide on July 24. But some branches, like the one in Eaux-Vives, are already selling it.

While several U.S. producers in states with legalized marijuana offer pre-rolled cannabis joints, they are sold in specialized outlets. Heimat, on the other hand, is the “first and only cigarette containing cannabis that is sold in a regular supermarket,” according to its Swiss manufacturers, Koch & Gsell.

In Switzerland, cannabis can contain up to 1% of THC, which is higher than the 0.2% legal limit in many other nations.

The manufacturer warns on its website that “the cigarettes should not be taken abroad, as this may result in prosecution due to the differences in the permissible THC limits in other countries.”

But since the new cigarettes contain a relatively low level of THC — 4 grams in a pack of 10 — smokers should not expect to get high, the manufacturer said.

That is not the effect Ferrera described. “I definitely felt more mellow and relaxed,” she reported.

While the THC may be low, the cigarette contains a high, 20% level of CBD, a substance believed to relieve pain, inflammation, and offer other health benefits.

Coop is selling these cigarettes “because there is big demand for hemp products,” company spokeswoman Angela Wimmer told USA TODAY.

She added that the chain already carries other cannabis products like ice tea, beer and sandwich spread.

Only people over 18 will be able to buy Heimat cigarettes, and there will be identity checks at cash registers. A pack costs $20.

“This cigarette is more expensive because cannabis costs a lot more than tobacco,” said Bjoern Koch, the company’s marketing director. “From this perspective, our cigarettes are sold at a low price.”

Not everyone in Switzerland is happy about the wide availability of the new product, arguing that its long-term risks are unclear. “Currently there is no study on the effects of CBD and I find that problematic,” parliamentarian and anti-drug activist Andrea Geissbühler told the Swiss media, echoing concerns of the country’s health and addiction experts.

Despite the warning, the cigarette will likely not go away anytime soon. “I liked the taste, smell and feeling it gave me, and will tell my friends to try it too,” Ferrera said.

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Full Article: Cannabis cigarettes: This supermarket chain is betting on demand
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UT: Huntsman Sr. Interested In Trying Medical Marijuana For His Pain https://www.420magazine.com/2017/07/ut-huntsman-sr-interested-trying-medical-marijuana-pain/ https://www.420magazine.com/2017/07/ut-huntsman-sr-interested-trying-medical-marijuana-pain/#respond Mon, 17 Jul 2017 20:22:54 +0000 https://www.420magazine.com/?p=6368 [Read More]]]> Jon Huntsman Sr. has an interest in using medical marijuana for what it could do to treat the pain associated with his health problems.

The billionaire philanthropist has beaten cancer four times and has battled a painful inflammatory disorder called polymyalgia rheumatica for the past 10 years.

Huntsman is open to personally using cannabis in order to combat the associated pain. In a statement sent to the Deseret News, he criticized the stigma surrounding the drug.

“If medical marijuana was known by another name, it would have been utilized as a pain medication many years ago,” Huntsman said. “From national research and understanding, the side effects of medical marijuana are considerably less than virtually all opioids and therefore less destructive to the body.”

Huntsman told KSTU this week that, although he would “love to” try medical marijuana, hasn’t done so before. He also told the TV station that he would rather “take the pain” than use opioids, which “haven’t done the job.”

He declined an interview Friday with the Deseret News to further discuss his views on the subject.

Huntsman’s mother, father and stepmother each died from cancer. Combined with his own multiple bouts with the affliction, those ordeals drove the business magnate to provide the money to found the Huntsman Cancer Institute and secure lucrative donation funds to that center through the Huntsman Cancer Foundation, with the oft-repeated mandate of completely eradicating the disease.

The Utah Patients Coalition, which submitted a medical marijuana ballot initiative application last month, praised Huntsman for his remarks.

“Jon Huntsman Sr. has been a pioneer in advocacy and philanthropy for patient care, so it’s no surprise to us that he supports medical cannabis as another treatment option for physicians and patients,” DJ Schanz, co-director of the coalition’s campaign, said in a prepared statement. “Like so many other patients, he recognizes the dangers of opiates and wants an alternative. We appreciate his public support and look forward to giving Utah voters a chance to decide in 2018.”

The group hopes to open marijuana treatment options in the state for patients suffering from cancer, Lou Gehrig’s disease, multiple sclerosis, HIV, post-traumatic stress disorder, Alzheimer’s disease, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis and chronic pain.

The language of the ballot initiative would prohibit public marijuana use, provide for only limited licensing of growers and dispensers and include strict oversight over who can prescribe the drug, among other regulations, the Utah Patients Coalition has said.

Another medical marijuana advocacy group, TRUCE, was “deeply moved” by Huntsman’s announcement, and believes many patients in Utah also would like to try medical pot, said Christine Stenquist, president and founder, in a prepared statement. The group “is pleased and grateful to welcome that affirmation” as the 2018 election approaches, she said.

Two bills that would legalize medical marijuana failed in the state Legislature in 2016, though a 2017 bill passed promoting research of the drug despite federal prohibitions.

Earlier this year, Utah Medical Association decried the use of the term “medical marijuana,” saying it presumes too much about how much doctors know about how, when and with which doses to prescribe it. Much more research into the drug must be conducted before it can be elevated to the level of any other medication that can currently be prescribed following a thorough approval process, the organization contends.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has also expressed reservations about medical marijuana legalization.

“Lawmakers across the country have wrestled with whether to legalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes,” LDS Church spokesman Eric Hawkins said in a statement last month. “This discussion raises legitimate questions regarding the benefits and risks of legalizing a drug that has not gone through the well-established and rigorous process to prove its effectiveness and safety.”

The church’s statement pointed out that passing a ballot initiative in Utah would put state law at odds with U.S. law.

“The difficulties of attempting to legalize a drug at the state level that is illegal under federal law cannot be overstated,” Hawkins said. “Accordingly, we believe that society is best served by requiring marijuana to go through further research and the FDA approval process that all other drugs must go through before they are prescribed to patients.”

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Full Article: Huntsman Sr. interested in trying medical marijuana for his pain | Deseret News
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Nevada’s 13-Day-Old Weed Market Is Already Total Mayhem https://www.420magazine.com/2017/07/nevadas-13-day-old-weed-market-already-total-mayhem/ https://www.420magazine.com/2017/07/nevadas-13-day-old-weed-market-already-total-mayhem/#comments Mon, 17 Jul 2017 20:17:41 +0000 https://www.420magazine.com/?p=6365 [Read More]]]> Just 11 days into selling recreational marijuana, the Las Vegas ReLeaf dispensary, located steps from the Strip, had already run out of edibles.

“Right now, I have about 30 people in my lobby that want this edible or that edible, and we have to tell them we’re sorry,” CEO Al Fasano said Tuesday afternoon. He’s also running low on vape pens and plain, old-fashioned weed, despite packing his vault with “hundreds of pounds,” which he thought would last weeks. And until Thursday, Fasano had no way to get more.

Across Nevada, dispensaries have experienced the same problem.

The state started recreational marijuana sales on July 1 without any distributors licensed to move weed from growers to dispensaries. Although at least one distributor was finally approved Wednesday night, an ongoing supply crisis threatens to derail an industry worth an estimated $100 million dollars in taxes to the state over the next two years. The governor even endorsed emergency regulations to temporarily expand who can move recreational marijuana. In an effort to kickstart the flow, the Department of Taxation will consider that proposal Thursday.

Under Nevada’s new marijuana law, approved via ballot initiative in November, alcohol distributors were given sole rights to transport recreational pot — at least for the first 18 months of sales. But because of a court battle and a slow-moving approval process, no distributors were licensed for nearly the first two weeks of sales. As a result, supplies have dwindled, costing dispensaries sales and money. Some have even experienced break-ins that owners think are related to the weed they stockpiled in anticipation of the shortage.

Braly Joy is the general manager at Silver Sage Wellness, a marijuana wholesaler and dispensary. The dispensary-side of his business has been fine; Joy used his existing stores of medical marijuana to stock up for opening day and said he’s been able to serve around 500 people a day with a nearly full menu of products.

Still, he hasn’t been able to move any of his wholesale product to buyers, costing him about $200,000 in lost business so far. In the run-up to opening day, dispensaries started frantically calling wholesalers trying to buy their supply. Without a license, however, they have no way to legally transport their product themselves. And until the state OKs distributors outside the alcohol industry or the 18-month window runs out, marijuana wholesalers can’t apply for one.

With businesses stockpiling product, and all the media attention around the supply issues, Joy said dispensaries have also become targets for theft.

“Our vault got hit by four burglars,” he said. “They made it into our vault, smash and grab, and made it out with $50,000 worth of material.” Joy spent another $30,000 to fix his facilities, plus $10,000 in extra security costs, all before July 1. About a dozen other businesses experienced similar break-ins before opening day, according to the Nevada Dispensary Association, an advocacy group that represents over 800 of Nevada’s dispensaries.

Even without burglaries, most dispensaries are running out of recreational weed supplies — and fast, according to Riana Durrett, executive director of the Nevada Dispensary Association. She’s been keeping in touch with businesspeople on the ground.

“Mostly people are saying between a few days or up to a week or 10 days,” she said.

While the distribution issues won’t affect Nevada’s medical marijuana industry, Durrett speculated that “a handful” of recreational dispensaries could run out of weed entirely. At least one already has, according to Tim Conder, co-founder and CEO of Blackbird Logistics, which received its distribution license from the state Wednesday night.

Blackbird was the first company to get a license, according to Conder. The company handles medical marijuana logistics by trade, but given the alcohol industry’s monopoly, it partnered with a small wine company to get certified under the current legal set-up.

“We are thrilled to resume service to our longstanding clients and to begin to alleviate the product shortages statewide,” he said. “We are going to do our best to meet everyone’s needs. We want to thank the industry for their continued support of Blackbird.”

The Nevada Department of Taxation did not respond to multiple requests for comment.

Even if the department approves the governor’s emergency regulations, as many industry insiders are confident it will, weeks could pass before other businesses get licensed. And at least one alcohol distributor, Focus Distribution, has already promised to take legal action, according to Christi McDonald, the consultant handling its application for a recreational license.

In May, the Nevada Department of Taxation tried to open distribution to other businesses, but the alcohol distributors sued and won an injunction, allowing them to maintain their monopoly on transport.

“[The state] would have to approve the regulations knowing full well there was a court injunction telling basically that exact thing not to happen,” Conder said. “I’d be very surprised if alcohol went quietly.”

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Full Article: Nevada’s 13-day-old weed market is already total mayhem – VICE News
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Grow Journal Of The Month – July 2017 https://www.420magazine.com/2017/07/grow-journal-month-july-2017/ https://www.420magazine.com/2017/07/grow-journal-month-july-2017/#respond Mon, 17 Jul 2017 09:44:29 +0000 https://www.420magazine.com/?p=6362 [Read More]]]> Congratulations to Kingjoe83 for winning 420 Magazine’s Grow Journal of the Month – July 2017!

This award celebrates the very best grow journals on 420 Magazine. based on relevant content, quality of writing, photography and general knowledge sharing. All grow journals are chosen by the 420 Magazine staff, to avoid any rumors of this being a popularity contest.

The winner earns 420 rep points, “Grow Journal Of The Month” title, 420 Mag T-ShirtBic 420 Magazine Lighter420 Mag Stickers420 Magazine Magnet and a Medium 420 Magazine Nug Jar!

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Started back in February, Kingjoe83’s journal is over 140 pages and still going strong. It is (or was – it’s rolling on from grow to grow) a first time, small tent grow, full of questions and answers, most useful for beginners. Kingjoe83, like many growers, has had his problems and disappointments, but with his persistent, positive spirit and great support from his knowledgeable community of subscribers, he overcame them to achieve ultimate success. The journal is a great example of the community spirit that we value so much here at 420 Magazine, of a grower winning through thanks to his strength of character and the peaceful and positive attitude of his subscribers.

Thank you, Kingjoe83, for all you do for our community. We are truly grateful that you are here. 

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Member Of The Month – June 2017 https://www.420magazine.com/2017/07/member-month-june-2017/ https://www.420magazine.com/2017/07/member-month-june-2017/#respond Mon, 17 Jul 2017 09:34:37 +0000 https://www.420magazine.com/?p=6359 [Read More]]]>

Congratulations to our member Duggan on being the 420 Magazine Member Of The Month! You have shown outstanding effort to better our 420 Magazine community and we are truly grateful for your presence.


Duggan has won some amazing prizes from 420 Magazine and our Sponsors.

The winner earns 420 rep points, “Member of the Month” title, 420 Mag T-Shirt420 Mag Stickers and 420 Magazine Nug Jar!

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Duggan is walking away with all of these goodies because he has shown outstanding commitment to helping our community. Thank you, Duggan for being such a valuable member and working so hard on the mission to raise cannabis awareness worldwide!

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Nug Of The Month – June 2017 https://www.420magazine.com/2017/07/nug-month-june-2017/ https://www.420magazine.com/2017/07/nug-month-june-2017/#respond Sat, 15 Jul 2017 11:50:14 +0000 https://www.420magazine.com/?p=6353 [Read More]]]> Congratulations to our community member ShiggityFlip on growing the 420 Magazine Nug Of The Month! You have shown outstanding skill in finding such a beautiful bud and we thank you for sharing it with us!

From ShiggityFlip‘s private stash comes a perfect nugget of Sour Bubble.


ShiggityFlip has won some amazing prizes from 420 Magazine and our Sponsors!

From 420 Magazine:
“Nug of the Month” title
420 Rep points
420 Magazine T-Shirt
420 Magazine Stickers
420 Magazine Nug Jar

MagicalButter Contributes The Following Item To Our 420 Contest Winners.

420Packaging and Smoke Cones Contribute The Following Items To Our 420 Contest Winners.

Space Case Contributes The Following Item To Our 420 Contest Winners.

Crop King Seeds Contributes The Following Items To Our 420 Contest Winners.

Gorilla Seeds Contributes The Following Item To Our 420 Contest Winners.

Vapor Warehouse Contributes The Following Item To Our 420 Contest Winners.

The Kind Pen Contributes The Following Item To Our 420 Contest Winners.

Thank you again,  ShiggityFlip for sharing that beautiful nug!

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The History Of Cannabis: 8 Things You Didn’t Know https://www.420magazine.com/2017/07/history-cannabis-8-things-didnt-know/ https://www.420magazine.com/2017/07/history-cannabis-8-things-didnt-know/#respond Mon, 10 Jul 2017 18:45:56 +0000 https://www.420magazine.com/?p=6347 [Read More]]]> We’re all heard of it – cannabis, pot, marijuana, Mary Jane – but what do you really know about it?

1. It’s been around for thousands of years. Cannabis, in its digestible form, was discovered in tombs in the Turpan District of Xinjiang, China, in the early 2000s and carbon-dated to 2500BP (or “before present”, the most commonly used dating convention in carbon dating). Its use may go back as far as 12,000 years ago, probably as a multi-use crop for rope, clothing, fiber and nutritious seeds.

2. Cannabis is one member of the flowering plant family cannabaceae, which also includes hops, used as the main flavor in beer.

3. Cannabis produces one of the strongest, natural fibers – hemp – which has been around for 10-12,000 years. You can make paper, twine, fuel, varnish, paint, a food ingredient, a grain crop, or bow strings. In China, it was used as a “war crop” in ancient times.

4. The main species is cannabis Sativa, the psychoactive variety, while the hemp crop is the non-psychoactive cannabis sativa linnaaeus. Then there are two more psychoactive types, cannabis Indica, and an uncommon subspecies, cannabis ruderalis (and there’s some debate about whether it’s even a separate species).

5. Male and female plants do different things – the male is better for making fiber and hemp; the female is better for seeds and the psychoactive product (the dried flowers of the female plant).

6. It was only recently made illegal. In the United States, and many western countries, cannabis use was curtailed and criminalized in the early 20th century, although hemp production was allowed and encouraged during World War II.

7. The chemical in cannabis that causes you to get ‘high’ or ‘stoned’ is called THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol). When cannabis is smoked or eaten, THC enters the bloodstream and goes to the brain. When in the brain, THC binds to tiny parts of the brain called brain receptors. If enough THC binds with these brain receptors, your behavior will be affected and you become ‘stoned’.

8. Shakespeare was a stoner. Allegedly. South African researchers have claimed there was marijuana residue on the fragments of a pipe found in Shakespeare’s garden in England. The claim was backed up with the “fact” that in Sonnet 76, he wrote about “invention in a noted weed”, a hint – it was claimed that he lit up while writing.

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Turning New Zealand’s Black Market Cannabis Economy Green https://www.420magazine.com/2017/07/turning-new-zealands-black-market-cannabis-economy-green/ https://www.420magazine.com/2017/07/turning-new-zealands-black-market-cannabis-economy-green/#respond Mon, 10 Jul 2017 18:42:28 +0000 https://www.420magazine.com/?p=6344 [Read More]]]> What happens to the economy, the criminal gangs, the growers and the dealers when an illicit drug is legalized?

Whatever form it takes, legalization is likely to mean the use, production, sale and supply of cannabis is allowed with restrictions. As with tobacco or alcohol, age and point of sale restrictions still leaves room for a black market to continue with supply to underage users.

Trying to gauge the size of the black economy is difficult; almost as hard as trying to paint a picture of a green economy if cannabis were decriminalized or legalized.

The black economy now

There isn’t really any agreement about the size of the black economy for cannabis in New Zealand.

The Drug Harm Index, published last year, estimated the number of dependent cannabis users at 26,000, with another 250,000 casual users, consuming an overall 27,000kg of cannabis per year, or 100g on average per user.

Around $40m from illegal cannabis was ploughed backed into the criminal underworld, the report said.

In New Zealand, the cannabis market involves gangs, small-scale and ad hoc producers, and dedicated non-violent growers with indoor and outdoor operations. It is difficult to estimate the scale of gang involvement but one report, albeit an old one, estimated around half of all criminal groups here were involved in cannabis production and supply.

What if it was taxed?

The index estimated the potential tax take avoided by the illegal cannabis market was $214 million.

The report said police spend $90m a year on cannabis offenders and more than $100m a year on prosecutions. Estimating potential tax from the Kiwi trade in weed, the report said GST could be $68m and company tax more than $145m, based on an overall market worth $558m.

But predicting the scale of potential ‘green economy’ is not as simple as applying the black market estimates to a regulated model. There are so many variables relating to supply and demand that would be affected in largely unpredictable ways by legalization. Economically, it’s only really possible to gauge the impact in countries where the law has changed significantly.

Where the black market would live on

Massey University associate professor Dr Chris Wilkins said there would always be a black market for the illegal supply of cannabis, or any illicit substance, to underage users.

“In just about any model, under-18s will be buying from the black market.

“We’re just going to have to deal with that,” Wilkins said.

Potentially, changing the law also meant bringing people operating in a criminal environment into a regulated market.

He said it would be short-sighted to consider people with previous drug convictions as unsuitable for a regulated market, as they could offer skills and expertise, while moving from an illegal environment to a legal one.

“It’s a chance to bring in people who have worked in a clandestine environment. That could be a benefit to society,” Wilkins, who is also the lead researcher at drug research center SHORE, said.

But where would we start?

Wilkins believes we should look to the regulation of pokies and gambling in New Zealand to inspire our approach to legalizing cannabis.

While it is difficult to speculate on the likely effects of law changes without knowing the regulatory model, a non-commercial system with a health-based focused – similar to the pokie trusts – was his preference.

A strict, not-for-profit, health-focused model.

Wilkins said the impact on organized crime was uncertain, possibly over-estimated, but there was good reason to believe that by regulating, or legalizing a cannabis market, the changes would crowd out the black market gangs.

They can’t compete with commercial production and large-scale growing.

The Colorado example

Hundreds of millions of dollars in taxes have poured into state coffers since Colorado and Washington legalized cannabis in 2012.

By 2015, cannabis was the second largest tax revenue source in Colorado, with US$121 million (NZ$166m) in combined sales and excise – three times that of the liquor tax take.

Now it’s over US$200m, with sales over the US$1 billion mark for the one state, with a population of 5.5 million people.

That tax take is more than the New Zealand Police spend on cannabis-related arrests, pre-charge warnings and diversions, and about the same amount again spent on management of cannabis offending in the courts and prisons.

The Colorado model created 20,000 jobs, pushed out black market gangs, and generated worldwide interest.

Legalizing also led to a raft of connected industries springing up including specialist law firms, a cannabis news site run by the Denver Post – The Cannabist – and consultants.

Cannabis producers an ‘important part’ of Canada’s economy

In Canada, cannabis remains illegal unless approved for medical use, but the government is considering legalization under a proposed Cannabis Act.

The act would involve the introduction of a federal licensing system, with strict criteria for applicants who want to produce, distribute or sell cannabis.

One objective is to “protect against the infiltration of the legal supply chain by organized criminals or gangs” and a report to the government said the best available evidence suggested crime groups were not heavily involved in the existing illicit cannabis market.

Research results varied – many public and media reports talk about cannabis, organized crime and biker gangs in the same breath – but an evidence-based summary found most people involved in the industry were non-violent with minimal involvement in crime.

“Cannabis producers, both small and large, are an important part of the economy and should be considered as valuable contributors to the policy process,” the report said.

“These are, generally speaking, individuals who want to participate in a legal market premised upon thoughtfully constructed regulations.”

What did we learn that could be applied to NZ?

Private sector consultancy MPG (the Marijuana Policy Group) investigated the economic impact in Colorado, where legal cannabis was on par with the gold mining industry, grain farming, and tobacco sales by 2015.

The rapidly growing industry was underpinned by dramatic supply shifts. Crucially, the black market morphed into a legal market.

In its report, the group found the transition from the black market to the regulated market was sometimes misrepresented.

“It is important to understand that a large majority of the market growth in Colorado is not due to secular growth in demand, but rather a transition from the unregulated market to the regulated market.”

Some people home brew, and occasionally people grow tobacco, but most consumers buy alcohol and cigarettes from licensed sellers.

If a similar regime were introduced here, consumers would probably prefer to buy legal cannabis from a regulated industry, Wilkins said.

Wilkins said there were other important areas to research, such as the use of cannabis alongside alcohol and tobacco, as some preliminary research suggests legalization could help reduce rates of alcohol use and tobacco smoking if the product was a non-smokable cannabis vapor, or edible.

This was the fundamental question:

“Are the harms from occasional use bad enough to justify making all cannabis use illegal?

“In the same breath, tobacco is one of the highest health risk products available. Not too many people are saying we should prohibit it. We’re trying to limit that market and similarly with alcohol and yet, nobody is saying let’s prohibit alcohol.

“If you accept there are a lot of high-risk things we allow people to do, it doesn’t mean we ban them from doing it.”

How would illegal growers adapt to a legal environment?

University of Canterbury criminology professor Greg Newbold​ remembers South African and Fijian marijuana and Lebanese hash being available in New Zealand in the 1970s.

Homegrown cannabis did not really get started until the 1980s, with cannabis plant seizures increasing from 1984 and peaking in 1993.

New Zealand’s cannabis market has been largely self-contained since the 1990s.

The impact on producers growing illegally and how they would adapt to a decriminalized environment, or a legal one, depended on the regulatory system, Newbold said.

A heavily-taxed private sector system, such as the US-style state tax, generating millions of dollars in profits, would motivate criminals to produce cannabis.

But a government-regulated system with restricted cultivation was more likely to deter people from producing.

Cannabis produced in New Zealand is mostly grown in small to medium-sized illegal operations. These growers would find it difficult to compete with a regulated industry, he said.

“It’s difficult to speculate with decriminalization unless you know what would replace it. If they taxed it then there’s an incentive for people to grow it themselves,” Newbold said.

“If you look at tobacco, there were people growing it illegally because of its tax – but it wasn’t a major problem. Making cigarettes that are smokable requires a whole lot of complicated treatment.

“If they did it in New Zealand [with cannabis] the commercial guys would make marijuana plants very smokable, so the homegrown stuff probably wouldn’t be able to compete with it.

“Say you have a farmer who is just topping up his income by growing a bit of hooch, they’d probably say that little golden goose is finished and they would just milk cows.”

Newbold said there were a “hell of a lot” of Kiwis growing a few plants and police seemed to have eased off cannabis eradication operations to concentrate on, for example, the methamphetamine trade.

Economically then, switching from a black to a green economy involves sweeping changes to the law, the production and manufacturing processes, regulation, support industries, and social attitudes.

Without any definitive way forward for New Zealand’s regime, though, the future remains hazy – for now.

News Moderator: Ron Strider 420 MAGAZINE ®
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Analyzing The Use Of CBD Oil As Potential Cancer Treatment https://www.420magazine.com/2017/07/analyzing-use-cbd-oil-potential-cancer-treatment/ https://www.420magazine.com/2017/07/analyzing-use-cbd-oil-potential-cancer-treatment/#respond Mon, 10 Jul 2017 18:38:35 +0000 https://www.420magazine.com/?p=6341 [Read More]]]> With an estimated 1,685,210 new cases of cancer being diagnosed in 2016 in the United States and 595,690 dying of the disease, the burden that cancer causes is not to be understated. This also includes a potential $156 billion in costs by 2020 for cancer care. With such a large medical threat, there are medical procedures in place to try and combat cancer spread, but success is not guaranteed.

In addition, certain lifestyle changes relate to lower incidences of cancer; again, these are not guaranteed. With this said, a variety of different alternative treatments have come to the fore, and one is CBD oil. While among the more unconventional (and infamous) options on the table, CBD oil has some scientific backing. Is it a possible cancer treatment option? Figuring this out requires looking at the facts.

What Is CBD Oil?

The first thing we need to do is clear up the misconception that CBD oil is another means to get “high.” The cannabis plant has many potential medicinal uses, but our focus today is mainly on the chemical cannabidiol, one of several chemicals found in the plant. Among these is THC, which provides us with the sensations we normally associate with marijuana.

Once cannabidiol is separated from the marijuana plant, the exact form it takes depends on your treatment (we’ll mention CBD oil’s various uses later). Some of these include the traditional oral capsules you would expect, as well as sprays and even topical applications. Your doctor will guide you to the best delivery system available.

CBD As A Cancer Treatment

This section needs to be prefaced with the fact that the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) lists marijuana as a Schedule I controlled substance. This means that they cannot legally be prescribed, possessed, or sold under federal law. It is state laws that allow the use of medical marijuana (more on this later).

There are two notable exceptions, and interestingly enough, they both apply to cancer treatment. The only two marijuana derivatives covered by the FDA are the cannabinoids, dronabinol and nabilone. Their specific use is in the treatment of nausea and vomiting accompanying chemotherapy. They generally serve as an alternate when other treatments fail.

But where does CBD oil fall in this? Research is still in the early stages, and legal issues are slowing things up a bit. The good news is that the results so far so promise. Of particular interest is the fact that CBD has been shown to moderate inflammation and change how cells reproduce, something useful when it comes to cancer treatment. Another thing to note is that CBD oil has also been studied for a variety of other benefits. These range from epilepsy support to pain relief to even anti-acne property. Time may have yet to tell its true potential.

Is CBD Oil A Fit For Me?

Currently, 30 states, including the District of Columbia, allow for medical marijuana. However, each state’s laws are different. Some states outside of this 30-limit usage to CBD oil specifically, and laws are ever-shifting regarding what is legal and what isn’t. The best thing that you can do is keep informed on laws if they come into practice. This means keeping track of medicinal marijuana laws online and with a medical professional’s help. Most people will require one to sign off in order to use CBD oil or other medicinal marijuana.

This same level of focus should be applied to choosing where you buy your CBD oil from. Luckily, there are several online resources to help guide your search. Here is a list of dispensaries that sell CBD Oil in Seattle, for example. Your options will change by state, county, and city, but always be sure to look out for quality. A lack of FDA regulation means there is potential for unscrupulous individuals to take advantage of the wave of interest.

Should you live in a state where CBD oil is legal and be looking for an alternative cancer treatment, it may be a viable option. It bears repeating that CBD oil cannot be said to cure or prevent any disease, but scientific results show potential applications in cancer treatment, as well as other health conditions. What this means is that if you want to use it, you need to be vigilant. Get the advice of a medical professional on dosage and other important info. Do your research before choosing where you will buy your oil from. If you keep all these factors in mind, CBD oil could prove to be the vital tool you need.

News Moderator: Ron Strider 420 MAGAZINE ®
Full Article: Making Use Of CBD Oil
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