WIN55212-2 Ameliorates Atherosclerosis Associated With Suppression

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The role of inflammation in all stages of atherosclerosis has been actively investigated, with an emphasis on the discovery of novel and innovative drugs for treatment and prevention. The anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory capacity of cannabinoids are well established, and these agents have a broad therapeutic potential in various inflammatory diseases, including cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of WIN55212-2, a synthetic cannabinoid, on atherosclerosis using the apolipoprotein E-knockout (ApoE(-/-)) mouse on a cholate-containing high-fat diet. Our results showed that WIN55212-2 reduced the size of atherosclerotic lesions in the aorta root, and did not affect serum lipid levels significantly. Furthermore, alleviation of atherosclerosis by WIN55212-2 was associated with a smaller content of macrophages in plaque lesion as well as decreasing pro-inflammatory gene expression and NF-κB activation in aortic tissues. Oxidized LDL (ox-LDL) dramatically induced NF-κB activation, and enhanced pro-inflammatory mRNA and protein expression in peritoneal macrophages isolated from ApoE(-/-) mice. It is noteworthy that all of the above-mentioned effects of ox-LDL were attenuated by WIN55212-2. Moreover, WIN55212-2 also attenuated the inflammatory response that LPS induced. AM630, a cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB₂) special antagonist completely abolished the protective effects of WIN55212-2 both in vivo and in vitro. Our data provide strong evidence that WIN55212-2 can potentially inhibit atherosclerosis in ApoE(-/-) mice. Importantly, all the beneficial effects of WIN55212-2 in our model were closely associated with the suppression of pro-inflammatory responses and were mediated by the CB₂ receptor.

Source: WIN55212-2 ameliorates atherosclerosis assoc... [Eur J Pharmacol. 2010] - PubMed - NCBI
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